Higgs Boson: The ‘Key to the Universe’
Dr. Michio Kaku, theoretical physicist, on the discovery of the Higgs Boson.
- Duration 9:24
- Date Jul 6, 2012
Dr. Michio Kaku, theoretical physicist, on the discovery of the Higgs Boson.
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I've just award program please -- out of the program through vessels as doctor mister Cochran good morning induction Tucker glad to be under -- scenario.
Saw the other day in front page story.
-- on a website of the New York Times.
And had read physicists finding the elusive.
Particles same as -- to the universe.
-- they have discovered a new.
-- atomic particle.
Looks for all world.
Liked -- to bus on which they say execute understand why there.
There's diversity and life in the universe.
And the possibility and apparently particularly exciting to physicist.
Because support good good points -- to.
A new and deeper ideas beyond.
The standard model.
About the nature -- is slowly -- review first of -- explain a standard model.
-- we think that this have been smashing atoms for fifty years and we get hundreds thousands of fragments.
Every time -- matched protons and neutrons of higher.
And fifty years that -- long time the we've been able to get a jigsaw puzzle.
A gigantic jigsaw puzzle putting all these pieces together but there's blood missing piece in the middle.
This jigsaw puzzle it's called the standard model.
And this one missing peace in the middle is that he both side.
It's really helped -- we held that day it was in fact found we have 99.9.
That it was in fact that he -- those that was found just the other day and a complete this standard model of what happened at the instead of the big bank.
So this standard model dominated the early big universe and dominated the big bank.
What Brasilia processed.
And it and it exploded in a matter that.
Someone like me can understand and which isn't asking itself.
What's -- -- what's the process.
-- discovering its asylum.
Well first you get ten billion dollars.
Thank you build that gigantic Connell a circular tunnel outside Geneva Switzerland that is 27 miles -- the conference.
It's so big you can -- this city -- the inside this circular tunnel.
-- issued two beams of protons in opposite directions.
One going clockwise is that the other -- going clockwise.
-- accelerated to trillions of electron volts.
And then on command -- -- these two beams of protons together.
And the -- -- gigantic rush hour sub atomic particles coming out.
Then -- use of computers to run the videotape backwards to find out what happened at the instance of the collision.
So what the instead of the collision -- not verified that these -- -- on this new particle was created.
And remember that this is that sukuk out of which the universe itself -- -- had.
The energies are fourteen trillion electron volt.
And we've not seen -- like this since the Big -- itself in fact and so we're essentially creating a tiny mini big bank.
So assaulted and on the -- that tape and obviously.
This -- -- Of the Sony lion's share of a -- second on them.
Chilean -- trillions and trillions of the second Iraq.
And so this gigantic challenge subatomic particles we've now that he looked within a play on the fragments.
It's sort of like taking to piano's smashing them together and then getting it tape recorder recording this -- And then using -- supercomputer to then reassemble the blueprint of the piano's.
By analyzing the sound of the crash.
That's how difficult this procedure is and that's why -- spend ten billion dollars.
Talk to a doctor -- cocker.
About the drug discovery of energy -- on this subject to give him our conversation.
-- -- point 999 and so on so you're convinced.
But they've discovered -- Yes if I was a -- -- bookie I would put money on the table.
That yet we have in fact founding of those on the probability of mistake is one part in three million.
So I think any book you they give you pretty good odds that we have in fact found this elusive big -- time.
By the way I can also mentioned that this experiment was done in Europe.
Why not in the United States.
Well president Ronald Reagan back in the 1980s wanted to created super -- outside Dallas Texas.
Even bigger than the machine in Geneva -- excellent.
And congress gave -- a billion dollars to -- this gigantic -- outside Dallas Texas.
Then congress cancel the machine.
And give it the second billion dollars to fill up the -- That it's billion dollars to dig a hole and -- -- -- that's the wisdom of the United States congress.
On -- on bundling them America Barbara -- analysts to -- for Barbara ligament.
Certainly impose OK so -- -- the discovery of an expose on other -- following.
Well -- is Peter King does that what proposed this mechanism.
However the media has called -- the god particle.
Make that this -- -- -- that however this doesn't truths that calling it the god punished if -- the Bible says that god said let there be light.
And that's that the universe into motion.
We think that this believe that there was an explosion thirteen point seven billion years ago the Big -- that's at the university galaxies and the stars in motion.
But then the question is what put the banging in the big back pain.
What stated -- the match.
We'll -- them.
Dispute that spark that set off the Big -- We think it was behaved like -- like the -- just discovered a few days ago that was contracted trigger that set off the Big Bang.
So if we really understand that it goes on in other types that -- -- those times.
We understand how the universe was created.
And of course the star of the galaxy you need our love all of that is a consequence of that particle.
So desist place -- and others.
At odds -- -- Those who believe god created all of -- No some people say that god created the example spot in which case that would be the use -- the match that lit the Big Bang.
So we prudent to take no position on this.
Some people think that perhaps the bang bang by itself just that people say thank god created the example -- sign that -- -- -- continue to match the set up an explosion right.
So you know it's -- he used to make a decision on that point.
So we're so -- -- -- aspect of this that I found in trade -- and did not understand and don't.
It has how this then provides.
A -- -- understanding why there is diversity.
And life and universe and all slow.
Vol outcome -- ramps.
Or burned or bring in the we're focused.
In nature of reality is -- explain that to me.
Yeah well you can take a look around you the universe is horribly broken.
We have mountains and thunderstorms and no play can crystals and people in protons and electrons.
It's horribly and so Metrocall if you think about it.
If everything we're symmetrical all particles would be identical everything would have the same match everything would -- -- -- You get the crystal and located -- looks the same no matter how do you rotated at a certain angle.
So the universe is horribly broken -- clothes and rocks and planets and stars and galaxies but at the beginning of the universe we -- the universe was perfect.
We think that the universe started in the state of perfect symmetry.
Alt articles -- this -- all article -- that same hat.
But something had to shatter this cemetery.
Think of the matter when you shatters the -- you know these fragments coming out right we are the fragments stars galaxies are all the fragments this.
This matching of America and the question is what's smashed the matter if it is they think those not.
So the big -- is the origin of diversity is the reason apply.
Electrons and protons are different that the reason why Adams of carbon and oxygen are different.
If everything we're symmetrical everything would be detained in which case -- -- to be quite boring but and we wouldn't even be here to talk about it.
So doesn't change any thing there's -- proviso through an opportunity.
To understand better why things are what happened.
Right however we can now even go before the Big Bang it could -- those signs it did match that helped to -- the Big Bang.
Then we can actually run the videotape you can before that.
And that we come up with pre Big -- universe theories.
So if our universe is just soap bubble -- some sort we look on this into the soap bubble the bubble is expanding.
At the picture given to a plan Einstein.
There could be other bubbled out there that could be paralleled in services.
And so the -- drunk allegedly that are not outside Geneva.
Could give -- the first hard experimental evidence.
That there could be other universe is out there paralleled either racist and -- of course leads us to the next question.
It doubled presently still alive in another parallel -- That -- -- to be seen.